The leopard gecko (Eublepharis Macularius) is one of the most popular types of geckos bred as pets. They are native to the Middle East, specifically Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India.
They were named after the leopard spots on the skin. The animal leopard gecko is a suitable pet for almost anyone because they are small and can be left alone for days. Pet owners also emphasize the fact that the leopard gecko has no odors, is cheap and doesn’t need much space.
Gecko leopard phases.
The gecko leopard is generally yellow, white and spotted with black dots. The offspring start more scratched and gradually change to the stained appearance. There are multiple color alterations and patterns called morphs, which include practically all the tones of the rainbow.
Some colors are more desirable and valuable, while the common coloring of wild or normal type is easily free and is very accessible.
The leopard gecko can live 20 or more years in captivity. Indicate that the leopard gecko can measure up to 20 centimeters when adult.
Size and weight are characteristics that differentiate leopard geckos. In their first days, the young usually measure from 2 to 3 inches. This changes when they spend a few months and become juveniles. At this stage, there is a difference in size that helps us differentiate the sexes, being the male, as a rule, longer and with a wider head. The adult leopard gecko, as a rule, measures between 8 to 9 inches and usually weigh between 50 to 75 gr.
Although this is not always the case if a full-grown leopard gecko exceeds 9 inches at the age of 9 or 10 months. If it is so, this reptile belongs to the dominant phase of the giant’s leopard gecko and therefore is heterozygous. The breeder must assume the resulting leopard gecko has mixed genetic information of 2 different traits, one of the giants. The Giant morphs can reach up to 11 inches and weigh 140 grams. If giant heterozygous parents are used, there is a great possibility that some of their offspring will outweigh their parents’ weight and size. These are called supergiants leopard geckos. They are the large leopard gecko you can find, reaching to reach 14 inches and weigh 170 gr.
Behavior and characteristics of the leopard gecko
The Eublepharis Macularius is a type of nocturnal geckos that live on the ground, usually obedient and simple to domesticate. They do not have sticky pads on their toes like other geckos, so they do not scale walls, more in contrast to other geckos, they do have eyelids.
If you have more than one leopard gecko on a terrarium, watch out for the possibility of wagging your tail. This means that a leopard gecko feels threatened. You will want to separate them immediately.
Leopard geckos also rattle their tails, like rattlesnakes. The crunching of the tail means that your leopard gecko is moved, or is hungry.
And like many other lizards, when they feel at risk, leopard geckos can self-cut their tail as a defense mechanism. It would be rare to see this in captivity, but it is one of the peculiar behaviors you can see in a leopard gecko.
These reptiles are docile, move slowly, are not prone to biting and are easy to tame. They are very eloquent, especially when they are hungry. The most common warning signs and stresses are the hiss of the tail and the small scream they emit. This means that a leopard gecko feels threatened and is about to attack.
The leopard geckos are very territorial, you should not accommodate two males in the same terrarium. They can bite each other and cause serious injuries and even kill the opponent.
Leopard geckos, like other lizards, when they feel in danger, can auto-amputate their tails as a defense mechanism. This is unusual in captivity, but it is one of the extreme behaviors you in a leopard gecko.
Gecko leopard Reproduction
Breeding leopard geckos is not a difficult task. No wonder a new breeder succeeds at the first attempt.
The leopard gecko grows quickly and reaches it maturity about a year. Males males reach adults earlier than females. Females must wait for a couple of years to reproduce. The eggs are quite large and laying them can be quite difficult for a young female.
Most mating and egg-laying takes place in late winter or early spring. The male will bite the nape of the female, align its ventilation ducts and mate with the female.
Once gecko leopard reproduction has taken place, the female will proceed to lay the eggs. When she’s ready, she’ll dig a hole, place her eggs and bury them. The spread substrate is a positive sign that the gecko has laid its eggs.
Leopard Gecko Hatchlings
Gecko leopard eggs aren’t hard. The eggs will expand and thrive. You must handle incubation and humidity properly for this to be successful.
Place eggs in a two or three-inch container. Eggs should be placed underground halfway. The container can be any clear plastic container with a few holes for circulation. The substrate can be peat, sand or vermiculite.
The medium should be moist, not wet, and you should not be able to draw water from it. The wetness of the container is essential, too much. Otherwise, the eggs develop fungus, will not grow too much and will dry out. If the medium dries during incubation, you may need to add water.
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Gecko leopard habitat.
A tank or terrarium for gecko leopard 24x18x20 inches is more than enough for these geckos. There should only be one male per tank or terrarium (leopard gecko), and you should only have males and females together if you are willing to deal with the offspring.
Half the logs give room to hide and climb, such as amazon reptile caves or cheap cardboard boxes. A wet leather box can assist with hair loss. Old fish tanks that no longer hold water will also function perfectly like a gecko leopard terrarium.
As they are nocturnal, leopard geckos do not need UVB lighting. An incandescent bulb with a normal white light can be used to provide a heating point throughout the day and a red, blue or purple lamp or a porcelain heat transmitter can be used to provide extra heat throughout the night.
Underfloor heating pads can be used but can complicate the convenient regulation of your lizard’s temperature. If your lizard sinks into the glass surface of the tank, do not use a heating pad, as this could cause burns. Never use hot stones.
Make sure that your gecko is not exposed to any air currents and do not place the tank or terrarium for leopard gecko next to a window or door. The temperature should be between 26 and 34 degrees, ranging from the lowest registers at night.
Leopard geckos do not require very humid environments, but if the humidity is too low (below twenty percent), your lizard may have trouble detaching. This is a point regarding the surveillance of our leopard gecko cared for.
Substratum for the terrarium of an animal leopard gecko.
Young leopard geckos should not live in the sand, even if it is calcium. This is because they may ingest it and have a bowel obstruction. Paper is absorbent and easy to molt, and interior and exterior carpets will also work well. You should keep this in mind if you care about your gecko leopard care.
Avoid wood shavings, as they can damage the small feet of your gecko; besides this, oils in the wood can be irritating to them. Whatever you use, make sure it is not eaten as well as your gecko’s meals. Some people choose to nourish their geckos in a separate environment in an empty container to avoid this concern.
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Hydration and food.
Live insects are indispensable for your gecko leopard; gecko leopard food is not composed of plants or vegetables. The best items to use are food worm or crickets, but you can treat your pet with wax worms or super worms once a week if you want. Avoid feeding leopard geckos pink rats.
Each and every insect should first be given a nutritious powdered diet for at least twelve hours before feeding your leopard gecko.
This process is called “gut load” and is essential for the health of your pet. Chicken or pork puree is free in each and every animal grocery store, and there are many good commercial diets available for this purpose. Simply place insects with a loaded intestine in a pot with a piece of potato to keep them fresh and hydrated.
Dusting your insects is one way to give essential vitamins and minerals to your leopard gecko.
you should place the insects in a plastic bag containing calcium and vitamins. Then gently shake to cover the insects’ bodies.
When adding the dusted insects to the cage, be sure not to allow dust to penetrate the gecko’s eyes. Another way to give extra powder supplements to your gecko is to hold the lid of a small bottle filled with vitamin and mineral powder at all times. The gecko knows how much food his body needs, and will lick the powder accordingly.
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Leopard gecko health problems.
One of the most serious conditions that can affect our gecko is a metabolic bone disease. Like humans, geckos get sick if they don’t get enough calcium and type D fat-soluble vitamin. Metabolic bone disease can cause painful deformities in the spine and extremities, and the animal will show little hunger and tremors.
You may have wondered why the leopard gecko doesn’t eat sometimes? Well, the gecko is also prone to gastroenteritis that comes from a bacterial infection. If your gecko has watery stools, doesn’t eat as much, or your tail shrinks, these are signs of gastroenteritis. This condition is potentially fatal but can be treated if warned early.
And like other lizards, leopard geckos that are anemic or live in a cage with deficient humidity can develop dissection. This condition, which is similar to dry skin, can affect its vision. Finally, leopard geckos are prone to a plurality of respiratory infections, including pneumonia. Wheezing or mucous bubbles near the nasal passages and mouth are a sign that your leopard gecko has breathing problems.
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Each and every one of these conditions should be treated by a reptile veterinarian.
In addition to this gecko, on our web, we can find a plurality of articles on these animals. Access information about the crested gecko, the leaf tail gecko, the Phelsuma madagascariensis or Madagascar gecko, and the flying gecko.