Constipation in Leopard Geckos

Constipation is a condition where the gecko is unable to pass stool normally, leading to a buildup of fecal matter in the digestive tract.


  • No feces for an extended period.
  • Swollen or bloated abdomen.
  • Lethargy.
  • Loss of appetite.


  • Dehydration: Inadequate water intake can cause stools to become hard and difficult to pass.
  • Improper Diet: Lack of fiber or a diet that’s hard to digest.
  • Low Temperatures: Suboptimal temperatures can slow down digestion.


  1. Hydration: Ensure your gecko has access to fresh water. Soaking the gecko in warm water for 15-20 minutes can help stimulate bowel movement.
  2. Dietary Adjustments: Provide a balanced diet with proper nutrients. Incorporate occasional fruits and vegetables to increase fiber intake.
  3. Temperature: Maintain optimal tank temperatures (88-92°F in the warm side and 75-80°F in the cool side) to support proper digestion.

Constipation and impaction are common digestive issues in leopard geckos that can lead to serious health problems if not promptly addressed.

Key Differences

  • Severity: Constipation is generally less severe and can often be resolved with simple home treatments such as hydration and diet adjustments. Impaction is more serious and may require veterinary intervention.
  • Causes: Both conditions can result from dehydration and an improper diet, but impaction specifically involves the ingestion of indigestible materials or large prey items that block the digestive tract.
  • Symptoms: Constipation causes general bloating and lack of feces, while impaction presents with more severe symptoms such as a visible abdominal mass and dragging of the hind legs.

Understanding these differences is crucial for providing appropriate care and treatment for your leopard gecko. If you suspect either condition, particularly impaction, consulting a reptile veterinarian is strongly advised.

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