Leopard Gecko Care Guide

Leopard geckos, native to semi-arid deserts, are fascinating reptiles that require specific care to thrive in captivity. Below is an enhanced guide covering every aspect of their husbandry:


Provide a spacious and well-ventilated terrarium with a secure, screened lid. For a single gecko, a minimum tank size of 20 gallons (76 L) is recommended. Larger tanks are preferable for multiple geckos to ensure ample space for each individual.

Temperature and Humidity:

Maintain a thermal gradient within the terrarium to mimic their natural habitat. Utilize heat sources such as heat mats or heat lamps to create a warm side (85-95°F or 27-32°C) and a cooler side (75-90°F or 24-27°C). Regularly monitor temperatures using reliable thermometers. Humidity levels should be kept between 10% to 30%, which can be achieved by misting the enclosure and providing a humid hide.


While leopard geckos do not require UVB lighting, they benefit from a consistent light cycle to regulate their circadian rhythms. Use a timer-controlled low-wattage light source to provide 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness each day.


Select a safe and appropriate substrate that allows for natural behaviors and easy maintenance. Options include reptile carpet, slate tile, paper towels, or bioactive substrates designed for arid environments. Avoid loose substrates like sand, as they can pose a risk of impaction if ingested.

Décor and Enrichment:

Enrich the terrarium with a variety of climbing structures, hides, and decor items to encourage natural behaviors and provide stimulation. Incorporate items such as rocks, branches, cork bark, and artificial plants to create a dynamic and engaging environment.

Hiding Spots:

Offer multiple hiding spots throughout the enclosure, including warm and cool hides, to allow your gecko to feel secure and regulate its body temperature as needed. Ensure hides are appropriately sized and snug to provide a sense of security.


Leopard geckos are insectivores and should be offered a diverse diet of appropriately sized live insects, including crickets, roaches, mealworms, and waxworms. Dust prey items with calcium and vitamin supplements to prevent nutritional deficiencies. Feed juveniles daily and adults every other day, adjusting portion sizes based on individual needs.

Water and Hydration:

Provide a shallow dish of fresh water at all times for drinking and soaking. Ensure the water dish is easily accessible and cleaned regularly to maintain water quality and hygiene.

Health Monitoring and Veterinary Care:

Monitor your gecko’s health closely for any signs of illness or distress, including changes in appetite, behavior, or appearance. Establish a relationship with a reptile-savvy veterinarian for regular check-ups and medical care as needed. Seek veterinary attention promptly if you notice any concerning symptoms or abnormalities.

Hygiene and Safety:

Practice proper hygiene protocols to minimize the risk of disease transmission between you and your gecko. Wash your hands thoroughly before and after handling your gecko or performing any enclosure maintenance tasks. Supervise interactions between children and geckos to ensure safe handling practices are followed.

By following these guidelines and providing proper care, you can ensure a happy and healthy life for your leopard gecko companion. Remember, each gecko is unique, so it’s essential to observe their individual preferences and behaviors to tailor their care accordingly.

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